Mekong - Một nguồn nước và hàng triệu cuộc sống

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">D&ograve;ng ch&iacute;nh Mekong d&agrave;i h&#417n 4000km l&agrave; c&aacute;i n&ocirc;i c&#7911a n&#7873n v&#259n h&oacute;a s&ocirc;ng n&#432&#7899c qua nhi&#7873u qu&#7889c gia n&#7857m trong b&aacute;n &#273&#7843o &#272&ocirc;ng D&#432&#417ng. H&#7857ng n&#259m c&#7913 v&agrave;o m&ugrave;a l&#361, ph&ugrave; sa theo ngu&#7891n n&#432&#7899c &#273i qua h&agrave;ng ng&agrave;n c&acirc;y s&#7889 b&#7891i &#273&#7855p cho &#273&#7891ng b&#7857ng s&ocirc;ng C&#7917u Long &#273&#7875 ti&#7871p s&#7913c cho v&#7909 m&ugrave;a c&#7911a m&#7897t n&#7873n n&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p l&uacute;a n&#432&#7899c nu&ocirc;i h&agrave;ng tri&#7879u ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n tr&ecirc;n m&#7843nh &#273&#7845t ph&igrave; nhi&ecirc;u n&agrave;y.</span></span></strong></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div><style type="text/css"> blockquote { background: #f9f9f9; border-left: 10px solid #ccc; margin: 1.5em 10px; padding: 0.5em 10px; quotes: "\201C""\201D""\2018""\2019"; } blockquote:before { color: #ccc; content: open-quote; font-size: 4em; line-height: 0.1em; margin-right: 0.25em; vertical-align: -0.4em; } blockquote p { display: inline; } </style></div> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div><strong><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="text-align: justify;"> </span></span></span></strong></div> <strong><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="text-align: justify;"> <table width="211" height="300" border="0" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1" cellpadding="5px" cellspacing="5px"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-Nwiw0XYbuJg/VLY4fdqgoSI/AAAAAAAAAMg/xGwzuTTH1jY/w356-h507-no/gsChuong.jpg" width="211" height="300" border="0" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#f5f5f5"> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: center;"><font face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 13px; line-height: 20px;"><i>GS. Chung Ho&agrave;ng Ch&#432&#417ng</i></span></font></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </span></span></span></strong> <div>T&#7915 n&#259m 1986, s&ocirc;ng Mekong b&#7855t &#273&#7847u g&#7863p nhi&#7873u th&#7917 th&aacute;ch do bi&#7871n &#273&#7893i kh&iacute; h&#7853u v&agrave; nh&#7919ng d&#7921 &aacute;n th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n tr&ecirc;n th&#432&#7907ng ngu&#7891n &#273&#432&#7907c tri&#7875n khai l&agrave;m cho d&ograve;ng ch&iacute;nh c&#7911a s&ocirc;ng &#273&atilde; b&#7883 ch&#7863n &#7903 nhi&#7873u kh&uacute;c t&#7915 tr&ecirc;n d&ograve;ng Lan Th&#432&#417ng c&#7911a t&#7881nh V&acirc;n Nam xu&#7889ng lu&ocirc;n nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng trung ngu&#7891n, k&#7875 c&#7843 nh&#7919ng ph&#7909 l&#432u c&#361ng c&oacute; nh&#7919ng khai th&aacute;c v&#7873 th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n. Nh&#7919ng c&ocirc;ng tr&igrave;nh n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; thay &#273&#7893i t&iacute;nh ch&#7845t c&#7911a s&ocirc;ng Mekong. C&oacute; th&#7875 &#273&acirc;y ch&iacute;nh l&agrave; nguy&ecirc;n nh&acirc;n c&#7911a s&#7921 suy tho&aacute;i h&#7879 th&#7889ng sinh th&aacute;i g&acirc;y &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng r&#7845t nhi&#7873u &#273&#7871n &#273&#7901i s&#7889ng c&#7911a tr&ecirc;n 60 tri&#7879u c&#432 d&acirc;n c&#7911a ti&#7875u v&ugrave;ng Mekong.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Theo nh&#7919ng th&#7889ng k&ecirc; v&agrave; nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u r&#7845t &#273&#7897c l&acirc;jp c&#7911a nh&#7919ng t&#7893 ch&#7913c nh&#432 T&#7893 ch&#7913c s&ocirc;ng ng&ograve;i qu&#7889c t&#7871 (International Rivers), hi&#7879n t&#7841i s&ocirc;ng Mekong &#273&atilde; c&oacute; h&#417n 30 &#273&#7853p th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n l&#7899n nh&#7887 n&#7857m d&#7885c t&#7915 t&#7881nh bi&ecirc;n gi&#7899i T&acirc;y T&#7841ng xuy&ecirc;n qua nhi&#7873u v&ugrave;ng c&#7911a d&ograve;ng ch&#7843y. N&#7871u d&#7921 &aacute;n Don Sahong &#273&#432&#7907c ho&agrave;n t&#7845t th&igrave; s&ocirc;ng Mekong s&#7869 bi&#7871n th&agrave;nh nh&#7919ng h&#7891 ch&#7913c n&#432&#7899c kh&#7893ng l&#7891 n&#7857m kh&iacute;t nhau tr&ecirc;n 3000km. S&#7921 th&#7853t l&agrave; &#273&atilde; c&oacute; nh&#7919ng &#273&#7853p th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n &#273&aacute;p &#7913ng &#273&#432&#7907c nhu c&#7847u v&#7873 n&#259ng l&#432&#7907ng cho nh&#7919ng qu&#7889c gia &#273ang ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n trong v&ugrave;ng &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute;. Nh&#432ng m&#7897t khi nh&#7919ng khu c&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p, d&acirc;n s&#7889 t&#259ng theo nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng kinh t&#7871 &#273&#432&#7907c tri&#7875n khai th&igrave; s&#7921 c&acirc;n b&#7857ng c&#7911a m&ocirc;i tr&#432&#7901ng b&#7883 &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng r&#7845t nhi&#7873u. Nh&#7919ng ch&#7845t th&#7843i, ch&#7845t h&oacute;a h&#7885c &#273&#7897c h&#7841i &#273&#7893 xu&#7889ng s&ocirc;ng v&agrave; d&ograve;ng n&#432&#7899c &#273&atilde; b&#7883 khai th&aacute;c qu&aacute; t&#7847m d&#7921 li&#7879u, kh&ocirc;ng ki&#7875m so&aacute;t &#273&#432&#7907c n&#7919a. N&#7871u nh&igrave;n xa h&#417n, v&agrave; qua l&#259ng k&iacute;nh c&#7911a nh&#7919ng nh&agrave; chuy&ecirc;n m&ocirc;n v&#7873 m&ocirc;i tr&#432&#7901ng th&igrave; nh&#7919ng c&aacute;i l&#7907i tr&#432&#7899c m&#7855t s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng b&ugrave; &#273&#7855p n&#7893i c&aacute;i gi&aacute; r&#7845t cao ph&#7843i tr&#7843 sau n&agrave;y khi d&ograve;ng n&#432&#7899c b&#7883 suy tho&aacute;i &#273&#7871n m&#7913c kh&ocirc;ng c&ograve;n s&#7917 d&#7909ng &#273&#432&#7907c.</div> <table border="0" width="640" height="427" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-1PWgdsC-iSA/VLZHrhkVzsI/AAAAAAAAAag/9TWSJcR1iPY/w872-h508-no/GS.ChungHoangChuong%2Btai%2BHoi%2Bthao%2Bve%2Bsong%2BMekong%2Bdo%2BHoi%2BThanh%2Bnien%2BSinh%2BViet%2BNam%2Btai%2BCalifornia%2C%2BHoa%2BKy%2Bto%2Bchuc.jpg" width="640" height="427" border="0" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#f5f5f5"> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: center;"><font face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 13px; line-height: 20px;"><i>GS. Chung Ho&agrave;ng Ch&#432&#417ng t&#7841i H&#7897i Th&#7843o v&#7873 s&ocirc;ng Mekong. &#7842nh: Tu&#7845n Anh</i></span></font></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Bi&#7871n &#273&#7893i kh&iacute; h&#7853u l&agrave;m cho ngu&#7891n n&#432&#7899c hi&#7879n l&agrave; m&#7897t t&#7843ng b&#259ng r&#7845t l&#7899n n&#7857m tr&ecirc;n n&uacute;i Hy M&atilde; L&#7841p S&#417n (Himalaya) &#273ang &#273&#432&#7907c xem l&agrave; n&oacute;c nh&agrave; th&#7871 gi&#7899i c&agrave;ng ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng m&#7887ng v&agrave; bao nhi&ecirc;u d&ograve;ng s&ocirc;ng b&#7855t ngu&#7891n t&#7915 nh&#7919ng t&#7843ng b&#259ng tuy&#7871t kh&#7893ng l&#7891 n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#7911 l&#432&#7907ng &#273&#7875 cung c&#7845p ngu&#7891n s&#7889ng cho bao nhi&ecirc;u tri&#7879u d&acirc;n sinh s&#7889ng &#7903 h&#7841 ngu&#7891n. Bao nhi&ecirc;u &#273&#7853p th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n &#273&atilde; ch&#7863n l&#7841i m&#7897t ph&#7847n l&#7899n n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; ph&ugrave; sa tr&ecirc;n th&#432&#7907ng v&agrave; trung ngu&#7891n c&#7911a d&ograve;ng Mekong.</div> </div> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp; </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"> <table border="0" width="640" height="427" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-QW_oywENqMY/VLY-nwX-BfI/AAAAAAAAANE/6e6p_5L0vh0/w677-h508-no/GS.ChungHoangChuong%2Btrinh%2Bbay%2Btham%2Bluan%2Btai%2BHoi%2Bnghi%2BNGuoi%2BViet%2BNam%2Bo%2BNuoc%2BNgoai.jpg" width="640" height="427" border="0" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#f5f5f5"> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: center;"><font face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 13px; line-height: 20px;"><i>GS. Chung Ho&agrave;ng Ch&#432&#417ng tr&igrave;nh b&agrave;y tham lu&#7853n t&#7841i H&#7897i ngh&#7883 ng&#432&#7901i Vi&#7879t t&#7841i n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i l&#7847n II. &#7842nh: Tu&#7845n Anh</i></span></font></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><font face="Arial"> <table width="352px" height="72px" border="0" align="right" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><blockquote style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><strong>&#272&#7891ng b&#7857ng S&ocirc;ng C&#7917u Long c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam s&#7869 ph&#7843i &#273&#432&#417ng &#273&#7847u v&#7899i nh&#7919ng h&#7853u qu&#7843 kinh t&#7871 v&agrave; n&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p kh&ocirc;ng l&#432&#7901ng &#273&#432&#7907c.</strong> <br /> </span><span style="color: rgb(153, 153, 153);"><em><span style="font-size: medium;">GS. Chung Ho&agrave;ng Ch&#432&#417ng chia s&#7867</span></em></span> </blockquote></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </font></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><font face="Arial">Qua nh&#7919ng chuy&#7871n th&#7921c &#273&#7883a v&agrave; du kh&#7843o t&#7915 th&#432&#7907ng ngu&#7891n xuy&ecirc;n qua nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng ph&#7909 l&#432u c&#7911a s&ocirc;ng Mekong, ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t c&#361ng th&#7845y &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#7919ng c&ocirc;ng tr&igrave;nh kh&#7893ng l&#7891 c&#7911a nh&#7919ng &#273&#7853p n&#432&#7899c nh&#432 Man Loan (Manwan), Ti&ecirc;u Loan (Xiaowan) v&agrave; C&ocirc;ng Qua Ki&ecirc;u (Qongguoqiao) &#273&atilde; bi&#7871n s&ocirc;ng Mekong th&agrave;nh nh&#7919ng h&#7891 ch&#7913a n&#432&#7899c kh&#7893ng l&#7891 d&agrave;i h&agrave;ng tr&#259m c&acirc;y s&#7889. Li&#7879u v&#7899i nhu c&#7847u r&#7845t cao c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c, ngu&#7891n n&#432&#7899c n&agrave;y c&oacute; th&#7875 &#273&#432&#7907c chia &#273&#7873u cho nh&#7919ng n&#432&#7899c h&#7841 ngu&#7891n? B&acirc;y gi&#7901 qu&#7889c gia l&aacute;ng gi&#7873ng c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam l&#7841i &#273ang tri&#7875n khai m&#7897t lo&#7841t nh&#7919ng &#273&#7853p n&#432&#7899c v&#7915a l&#7899n,</font> <font face="Arial">v&#7915a nh&#7887 th&igrave; c&#7843nh t&#432&#7907ng thi&#7871u n&#432&#7899c s&#7869 l&agrave; m&#7897t quan ng&#7841i l&#7899n cho Vi&#7879t&nbsp; Nam. D&#7921 &aacute;n Don Sahong &#7903 t&#7881nh Pakse mi&#7873n h&#7841 L&agrave;o &#273ang g&#7863p nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ph&#7843n &#273&#7889i c&#7911a r&#7845t nhi&#7873u t&#7893 ch&#7913c phi ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 v&agrave; nh&#7919ng c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng &#273ang s&#7889ng &#7903 h&#7841 ngu&#7891n nh&#432 Cam-pu-chia v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam. D&#7921a tr&ecirc;n nh&#7919ng thi&#7871u s&oacute;t trong nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u v&#7873 t&aacute;c h&#7841i m&ocirc;i tr&#432&#7901ng c&#361ng nh&#432 h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng &#273&#417n ph&#432&#417ng kh&ocirc;ng tham v&#7845n nh&#7919ng th&agrave;nh vi&ecirc;n c&#7911a &#7910y Ban s&ocirc;ng Mekong, &#273&atilde; c&oacute; r&#7845t nhi&#7873u tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 k&ecirc;u g&#7885i s&#7921 quan t&acirc;m c&#7911a ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 L&agrave;o n&ecirc;n xem x&eacute;t th&#7853t k&#297 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng m&ocirc;i tr&#432&#7901ng tr&ecirc;n m&#7885i m&#7863t. Vi&#7879t Nam hi&#7879n &#273ang t&#7893 ch&#7913c r&#7845t nhi&#7873u bu&#7893i tham v&#7845n &#7903 nhi&#7873u &#273&#7883a ph&#432&#417ng thu&#7897c &#272&#7891ng b&#7857ng s&ocirc;ng C&#7917u Long y&ecirc;u c&#7847u nh&#7919ng c&#417 quan ph&#7909 tr&aacute;ch chuy&#7875n &#273&#7871n ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 L&agrave;o nh&#7919ng lo l&#7855ng c&#7911a h&#7885.</font></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;<font face="Arial">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><font face="Arial">Ch&uacute;ng ta n&ecirc;n h&#7907p s&#7913c v&#7899i nh&#7919ng t&#7893 ch&#7913c nh&#432 International Rivers, Save the Mekong, Vietnam River Network c&#361ng nh&#432 nh&#7919ng t&#7893 ch&#7913c thu&#7897c v&ugrave;ng &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute; hay th&agrave;nh vi&ecirc;n c&#7911a ASEAN &#273&#7875 n&oacute;i l&ecirc;n ti&#7871ng n&oacute;i c&#7911a c&aacute;c c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng &#273ang b&#7883 &#273e d&#7885a v&igrave; nh&#7919ng d&#7921 &aacute;n th&#7911y &#273i&#7879n m&agrave; ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 L&agrave;o &#273&atilde; v&agrave; &#273ang tri&#7875n khai. Mong c&aacute;c b&#7841n tr&#7867 c&ugrave;ng &#273&oacute;ng g&oacute;p m&#7841nh m&#7869 trong v&#7845n &#273&#7873 B&#7843o v&#7879 m&ocirc;i tr&#432&#7901ng v&agrave; sinh k&#7871 c&#7911a h&agrave;ng tri&#7879u ng&#432&#7901i &#273ang sinh s&#7889ng trong l&#432u v&#7921c c&#7911a d&ograve;ng Mekong.</font></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; text-align: right;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><b>GS Chung Ho&agrave;ng Ch&#432&#417ng&#8203</b></span></span><b><span style="font-size: 13pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </html>

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