Những toan tính của Trung Quốc ở Biển Đông là gì ?

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Sau m&#7897t lo&#7841t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng hung h&#259ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c trong c&aacute;c tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t l&agrave; v&#7909 B&#7855c Kinh h&#7841 &#273&#7863t tr&aacute;i ph&eacute;p gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 trong V&ugrave;ng &#272&#7863c quy&#7873n Kinh t&#7871 v&agrave; th&#7873m l&#7909c &#273&#7883a c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam, th&#7871 gi&#7899i &#273ang h&#7871t s&#7913c quan t&acirc;m &#273&#7871n nh&#7919ng toan t&iacute;nh v&agrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng ti&#7871p theo c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y.</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span></span></div> <div><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> <table border="0" width="200" height="300" align="left" cellpadding="8px" cellspacing="8px"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-DUfJ2R_OrOw/VJfg9cyG4vI/AAAAAAAAAS8/JAMUBIb0N_8/w300-h400-no/TS_HoangViet.jpg" width="200" height="300" border="0" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#f5f5f5"> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><font face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 13px; line-height: 20px;"><i>Th&#7841c s&#297 Ho&agrave;ng Vi&#7879t</i></span></font></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Th&#7901i b&aacute;o ch&acirc;u &Aacute; Tr&#7921c tuy&#7871n m&#7899i &#273&acirc;y &#273&#259ng b&agrave;i vi&#7871t c&#7911a Billy Tea v&#7873 nh&#7919ng m&#432u &#273&#7891 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trong b&agrave;i vi&#7871t nhan &#273&#7873 &ldquo;&#272&#7841i K&#7871 ho&#7841ch c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng&rdquo;, v&#7883 chuy&ecirc;n gia nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u thu&#7897c Di&#7877n &#273&agrave;n Th&aacute;i B&igrave;nh D&#432&#417ng c&#7911a Trung t&acirc;m Nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u Chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c v&agrave; Qu&#7889c t&#7871 (CSIS), M&#7929, cho r&#7857ng s&#7869 l&agrave; sai l&#7847m khi &#273&aacute;nh gi&aacute; r&#7857ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; &#273i&#7873u ch&#7881 x&#7843y ra m&#7897t l&#7847n. &#272&acirc;y l&agrave; b&agrave;i vi&#7871t c&oacute; nhi&#7873u th&ocirc;ng tin h&#7919u &iacute;ch, th&#7875 hi&#7879n s&#7921 hi&#7875u bi&#7871t v&agrave; n&#7855m r&otilde; v&#7845n &#273&#7873 c&#7911a Billy Tea, m&#7897t ng&#432&#7901i chuy&ecirc;n nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u c&aacute;c v&#7845n &#273&#7873: ng&#259n ch&#7863n xung &#273&#7897t, x&#7917 l&yacute; xung &#273&#7897t v&agrave; h&#7907p t&aacute;c khu v&#7921c; ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch ngo&#7841i giao c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 ch&acirc;u &Aacute;; c&aacute;c m&#7889i quan h&#7879 an ninh v&agrave; qu&#7889c ph&ograve;ng gi&#7919a ch&acirc;u &Aacute;, ch&acirc;u &Acirc;u v&agrave; M&#7929. D&#432&#7899i &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; n&#7897i dung b&agrave;i vi&#7871t:&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Cho d&ugrave; quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c v&#7873 vi&#7879c r&uacute;t m&#7897t gi&agrave;n khoan th&#259m d&ograve; d&#7847u kh&iacute; ra kh&#7887i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n tranh ch&#7845p n&oacute;ng b&#7887ng v&#7899i n&#432&#7899c l&aacute;ng gi&#7873ng Vi&#7879t Nam c&oacute; ph&#7843i b&#7883 th&uacute;c &#273&#7849y b&#7903i l&yacute; do th&#7901i ti&#7871t x&#7845u, m&#7897t nhi&#7879m v&#7909 &#273&atilde; ho&agrave;n th&agrave;nh, hay s&#7913c &eacute;p ngo&#7841i giao gia t&#259ng t&#7915 ph&iacute;a M&#7929 hay kh&ocirc;ng, th&igrave; &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y c&#361ng l&agrave; giai &#273o&#7841n m&#7899i nh&#7845t trong &#272&#7841i K&#7871 ho&#7841ch c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh nh&#7857m kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i bi&#7875n Nam Trung Hoa (Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng).&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">M&#7863c d&ugrave; Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng M&#7929 John Kerry &#273&atilde; k&ecirc;u g&#7885i &ldquo;m&#7897t s&#7921 &#273&oacute;ng b&#259ng t&#7921 nguy&#7879n&rdquo; &#273&#7889i v&#7899i t&#7845t c&#7843 nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&oacute; th&#7875 l&agrave;m leo thang c&aacute;c tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y t&#7841i Di&#7877n &#273&agrave;n khu v&#7921c ASEAN (ARF) m&#7899i &#273&acirc;y, nh&#432ng B&#7855c Kinh &#273&atilde; b&aacute;c b&#7887 &yacute; t&#432&#7903ng &#273&oacute;, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 r&#7857ng h&#7885 s&#7869 v&#7851n duy tr&igrave; quy&#7873n c&#7911a m&igrave;nh v&#7873 vi&#7879c x&acirc;y d&#7921ng nh&#7919ng c&#7845u tr&uacute;c &#7903 nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c m&agrave; h&#7885 tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n. B&#7843n &#273&#7891 &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&iacute;n &#273o&#7841n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch h&#417n 90% tr&ecirc;n t&#7893ng s&#7889 3,5 tri&#7879u km2 di&#7879n t&iacute;ch Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">C&oacute; m&#7897t l&yacute; do &#273&#7883a ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 c&#417 b&#7843n &ldquo;&#259n s&acirc;u b&aacute;m r&#7877&rdquo; trong nh&#7919ng ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch ngo&#7841i giao th&#7921c t&#7871 cho s&#7921 quy&#7871t li&#7879t ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng gia t&#259ng c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y. &#272&#7875 hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c hi&#7879n t&#7841i v&agrave; &#273&aacute;nh gi&aacute; t&#432&#417ng lai, c&#7847n xem x&eacute;t v&#432&#7907t ra ngo&agrave;i nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n hi&#7879n nay, coi &#273&oacute; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng v&#7909 vi&#7879c ri&ecirc;ng, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i h&atilde;y ch&#7901 xem tham v&#7885ng l&acirc;u d&agrave;i c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n c&oacute; gi&aacute; tr&#7883 chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c cao v&agrave; gi&agrave;u d&#7847u m&#7887 n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; m&#7897t lo&#7841t qu&#7889c gia &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute; t&#7915 l&acirc;u &#273&atilde; tranh ch&#7845p v&agrave; th&#7881nh tho&#7843ng xung &#273&#7897t v&#7899i nhau xung quanh nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c kh&aacute;c nhau &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, ch&#7881 &#273&#7871n khi Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng M&#7929 Hillary Clinton tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 t&#7841i m&#7897t cu&#7897c h&#7885p c&#7911a ARF h&#7891i th&aacute;ng 7/2010 &#7903 H&agrave; N&#7897i, r&#7857ng M&#7929 c&oacute; &ldquo;l&#7907i &iacute;ch qu&#7889c gia&rdquo; &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, th&igrave; t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh m&#7899i b&#7855t &#273&#7847u lao d&#7889c theo &#273&#432&#7901ng xo&aacute;y tr&ocirc;n &#7889c.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">L&#7901i tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&iacute;nh th&#7913c c&#7911a b&agrave; Hillary Clinton &#273&atilde; b&#7883 B&#7855c Kinh coi l&agrave; m&#7897t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch v&agrave; th&uacute;c &#273&#7849y vi&#7879c qu&#7889c t&#7871 h&oacute;a t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trung Qu&#7889c, qu&#7889c gia &#273&atilde; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 r&#7857ng v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y l&agrave; m&#7897t &ldquo;l&#7907i &iacute;ch c&#7889t l&otilde;i&rdquo; c&#7911a h&#7885, mong mu&#7889n gi&#7843i quy&#7871t nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 &#273&oacute; b&#7857ng h&igrave;nh th&#7913c song ph&#432&#417ng v&#7899i t&#7915ng b&ecirc;n c&oacute; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i ph&#7843n &#273&#7889i vi&#7879c gi&#7843i quy&#7871t theo h&igrave;nh th&#7913c &#273a ph&#432&#417ng c&#361ng nh&#432 c&aacute;c gi&#7843i ph&aacute;p d&#7921a tr&ecirc;n lu&#7853t ph&aacute;p qu&#7889c t&#7871. S&#7921 b&aacute;c b&#7887 ngay l&#7853p t&#7913c c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i &#273&#7873 xu&#7845t &ldquo;&#273&oacute;ng b&#259ng t&#7921 nguy&#7879n&rdquo; c&#7911a Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng John Kerry l&agrave; d&#7845u hi&#7879u cho th&#7845y l&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng c&#7913ng r&#7855n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c trong v&#7845n &#273&#7873 n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">K&#7875 t&#7915 b&agrave;i ph&aacute;t bi&#7875u c&#7911a b&agrave; Hillary Clinton, Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng &#273&atilde; x&#7843y ra m&#7897t lo&#7841t tranh c&atilde;i leo thang theo ki&#7875u h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng d&#7851n &#273&#7871n ph&#7843n &#7913ng xung quanh nh&#7919ng th&#7921c th&#7875 ri&ecirc;ng gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; c&aacute;c qu&#7889c gia &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute;, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; Philippines v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam. V&#7909 &#273&#7889i &#273&#7847u n&#259m 2012 gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&#7899i Philippines xung quanh b&atilde;i c&#7841n Scarborough tranh ch&#7845p (Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7885i l&agrave; &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Nham, Philippines g&#7885i l&agrave; Panatag) &#273&atilde; &#273&aacute;nh d&#7845u s&#7921 kh&#7903i &#273&#7847u trong c&aacute;ch ti&#7871p c&#7853n mang t&iacute;nh khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch h&#417n c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nh&#7919ng cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t trong n&#259m nay gi&#7919a c&aacute;c t&agrave;u c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam &#7903 g&#7847n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c, &#273&#432&#7907c h&#7841 &#273&#7863t h&#7891i th&aacute;ng 5 &#7903 g&#7847n qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Paracel (qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Sa c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam, Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7885i l&agrave; T&acirc;y Sa, b&#7883 Trung Qu&#7889c chi&#7871m n&#259m 1974), &#273&atilde; c&oacute; nguy c&#417 leo thang th&agrave;nh m&#7897t cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t l&#7899n. &#272&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c nhi&#7873u kh&#7843 n&#259ng l&agrave; ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7889i v&#7899i vi&#7879c Vi&#7879t Nam g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y m&#7901i th&#7847u c&aacute;c doanh nghi&#7879p n&#259ng l&#432&#7907ng n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i tham gia ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng th&#259m d&ograve;. Th&aacute;ng 11 n&#259m ngo&aacute;i, T&#7853p &#273o&agrave;n D&#7847u m&#7887 v&agrave; Kh&iacute; &#273&#7889t T&#7921 nhi&ecirc;n (ONGC) c&#7911a &#7844n &#272&#7897 &#273&atilde; k&yacute; m&#7897t th&#7887a thu&#7853n v&#7899i PetroVietnam, m&#7897t doanh nghi&#7879p thu&#7897c s&#7903 h&#7919u Nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam, v&#7873 vi&#7879c h&#7907p t&aacute;c trong l&#297nh v&#7921c d&#7847u m&#7887.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&#272&#7871n th&aacute;ng 5/2014, Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&atilde; &#273&#7873 ngh&#7883 trao cho &#7844n &#272&#7897 7 l&ocirc; d&#7847u kh&iacute; &#273&#7875 th&#259m d&ograve; ngo&agrave;i kh&#417i &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i &#273&#7845u th&#7847u c&#7841nh tranh. Khi &#7844n &#272&#7897 c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 c&aacute;c k&#7871 ho&#7841ch t&#7915 b&#7887 l&ocirc; d&#7847u kh&iacute; 128 v&agrave;o n&#259m 2012, H&agrave; N&#7897i &#273&atilde; y&ecirc;u c&#7847u New Delhi gi&#7919 nguy&ecirc;n cho &#273&#7871n n&#259m 2014, qua &#273&oacute; th&#7875 hi&#7879n mong mu&#7889n c&#7911a H&agrave; N&#7897i v&#7873 vi&#7879c duy tr&igrave; s&#7921 hi&#7879n di&#7879n c&#7911a &#7844n &#272&#7897 l&agrave;m &#273&#7889i tr&#7885ng trong khu v&#7921c. H&agrave; N&#7897i c&#361ng &#273&atilde; m&#7903 &#273&#432&#7901ng cho c&aacute;c m&#7889i quan h&#7879 chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c m&#7841nh m&#7869 h&#417n v&#7899i M&#7929 &#273&#7875 ch&#7889ng l&#7841i s&#7921 quy&#7871t li&#7879t ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng gia t&#259ng c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Ch&#7855c ch&#7855n l&agrave; c&aacute;c cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng &#273ang b&#7883 chi ph&#7889i m&#7897t ph&#7847n b&#7903i tr&#7919 l&#432&#7907ng l&#7899n ti&#7873m n&#259ng d&#7847u m&#7887 v&agrave; kh&iacute; &#273&#7889t &#7903 khu v&#7921c n&agrave;y. Gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; m&#7897t ph&#7847n c&#7911a c&aacute;i g&#7885i l&agrave; Ch&#432&#417ng tr&igrave;nh 863 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c, m&#7897t s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n &#273&#432&#7907c c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 v&agrave;o th&aacute;ng 3/1986 nh&#7857m thu h&#7865p kho&#7843ng c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; c&aacute;c n&#7873n kinh t&#7871 ti&ecirc;n ti&#7871n nh&#7845t c&#7911a th&#7871 gi&#7899i. C&aacute;c c&#417 quan ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 Trung Qu&#7889c, bao g&#7891m c&#7843 B&#7897 Khoa h&#7885c C&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 v&agrave; &#7910y ban Ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n v&agrave; C&#7843i c&aacute;ch Qu&#7889c gia &#273&atilde; &#7911ng h&#7897 m&#7841nh m&#7869 vi&#7879c ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; gi&uacute;p Trung Qu&#7889c c&oacute; &#273&#432&#7907c kh&#7843 n&#259ng &#273&#7897c l&#7853p trong vi&#7879c khoan d&#7847u v&agrave; kh&iacute; t&#7921 nhi&ecirc;n &#7903 nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c tranh ch&#7845p tr&ecirc;n Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng m&agrave; c&aacute;c c&ocirc;ng ty n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i c&oacute; th&#7875 kh&ocirc;ng s&#7861n s&agrave;ng ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng do nh&#7919ng nguy c&#417 ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883. Sau &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i di chuy&#7875n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 v&agrave;o th&aacute;ng 5/2014, th&aacute;ng 6 v&#7915a qua Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; tri&#7875n khai th&ecirc;m 4 gi&agrave;n khoan d&#7847u (Nam H&#7843i 2, Nam H&#7843i 4, Nam H&#7843i 5 v&agrave; Nam H&#7843i 9) &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng v&#7899i nh&#7919ng nhi&#7879m v&#7909 th&#259m d&ograve; t&#432&#417ng t&#7921 d&#7921 ki&#7871n ho&agrave;n th&agrave;nh v&agrave;o cu&#7889i n&#259m nay. Nh&#7919ng &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; l&agrave;m d&#7845y l&ecirc;n nhi&#7873u tranh c&atilde;i ngo&#7841i giao v&agrave; kinh t&#7871 h&#417n gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">V&#7853y th&igrave; toan t&iacute;nh c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng l&agrave; g&igrave;? Ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch &#273&#7889i ngo&#7841i chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c &ldquo;gi&#7845u m&igrave;nh ch&#7901 th&#7901i&rdquo; &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7921c hi&#7879n t&#7915 tr&#432&#7899c &#273&#7871n nay &#273ang thay &#273&#7893i sang m&#7897t th&aacute;i &#273&#7897 ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng quy&#7871t li&#7879t h&#417n.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c kh&ocirc;ng c&ograve;n &ldquo;gi&#7845u m&igrave;nh ch&#7901 th&#7901i&rdquo; v&#7873 c&aacute;c kh&#7843 n&#259ng c&#7911a h&#7885 v&agrave; &#273ang ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng s&#7861n s&agrave;ng s&#7917 d&#7909ng s&#7913c m&#7841nh qu&acirc;n s&#7921 v&agrave; c&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 c&#7911a h&#7885, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; vi&#7879c tri&#7875n khai m&#7897t l&#7921c l&#432&#7907ng h&#7843i c&#7843nh &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c c&#7843i thi&#7879n nhi&#7873u &#273&#7875 b&#7843o v&#7879 gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 kh&#7887i s&#7921 qu&#7845y nhi&#7877u c&#7911a c&aacute;c t&agrave;u Vi&#7879t Nam.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y th&igrave; Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n s&#7921 s&#7861n s&agrave;ng c&#7911a h&#7885 trong vi&#7879c &#273&#7889i &#273&#7847u v&#7899i c&aacute;c b&ecirc;n c&oacute; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n &#273&#7889i &#273&#7883ch &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Ch&#7855c ch&#7855n l&agrave; gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y h&#7885 &ldquo;kh&ocirc;ng xu&#7845t &#273&#7847u l&#7897 di&#7879n&rdquo; tr&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam v&agrave; ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7847y &#273&#7911 c&#7911a c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng qu&#7889c t&#7871 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i v&#7909 vi&#7879c gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981. &#272&#7857ng sau s&#7921 t&#432&#417ng t&aacute;c c&#7911a chu&#7895i &ldquo;h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng-ph&#7843n &#7913ng&rdquo; xung quanh nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n tranh ch&#7845p, Trung Qu&#7889c ti&#7871p t&#7909c h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng nhanh ch&oacute;ng theo k&#7871 ho&#7841ch l&acirc;u d&agrave;i v&agrave; nhi&#7873u giai &#273o&#7841n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7875 cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh s&#7921 th&#7889ng tr&#7883 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i khu v&#7921c Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. K&#7871 ho&#7841ch n&agrave;y bao g&#7891m 3 b&#7897 ph&#7853n h&#7907p th&agrave;nh r&otilde; r&agrave;ng, c&#7909 th&#7875 l&agrave;:&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">1) T&#259ng c&#432&#7901ng c&aacute;c n&#259ng l&#7921c qu&acirc;n s&#7921, &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t l&agrave; h&#7843i qu&acirc;n v&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng qu&acirc;n:&nbsp;</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">H&#7891i th&aacute;ng 3 v&#7915a qua, Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 ng&acirc;n s&aacute;ch qu&#7889c gia giai &#273o&#7841n 2014-2015 c&#7911a h&#7885, v&#7899i 132 t&#7927 USD &#273&#432&#7907c ph&acirc;n b&#7893 cho chi ti&ecirc;u qu&acirc;n s&#7921, t&#259ng kho&#7843ng 12% so v&#7899i n&#259m tr&#432&#7899c &#273&oacute;. S&#7921 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n qu&acirc;n s&#7921 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c c&oacute; nhi&#7873u m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch, v&agrave; s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7881 nh&#7857m kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh hay b&#7843o v&#7879 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n l&atilde;nh th&#7893 c&#7911a h&#7885 &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng v&agrave; bi&#7875n Hoa &#272&ocirc;ng, m&agrave; c&ograve;n &#273&#432&#7907c s&#7917 d&#7909ng l&agrave;m m&#7897t s&#7921 r&#259n &#273e &#273&#7889i v&#7899i &#272&agrave;i Loan v&agrave; &#273u&#7893i M&#7929 ra kh&#7887i khu v&#7921c T&acirc;y Th&aacute;i B&igrave;nh D&#432&#417ng.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Theo Ronald O'Rourke, m&#7897t chuy&ecirc;n gia thu&#7897c Vi&#7879n Nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u C&aacute;c V&#7845n &#273&#7873 H&#7843i qu&acirc;n &#7903 M&#7929, nh&#7919ng n&#7895 l&#7921c hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i h&oacute;a h&#7843i qu&acirc;n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c bao g&#7891m: t&ecirc;n l&#7917a &#273&#7841n &#273&#7841o ch&#7889ng h&#7841m (ASBM); t&ecirc;n l&#7917a h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh ch&#7889ng h&#7841m (ASCM); c&aacute;c t&agrave;u ng&#7847m; t&agrave;u m&#7863t n&#432&#7899c; m&aacute;y bay, v&agrave; s&#7921 h&#7895 tr&#7907 c&#7911a h&#7879 th&#7889ng C4ISR (ch&#7881 huy, ki&#7875m so&aacute;t, th&ocirc;ng tin li&ecirc;n l&#7841c, m&aacute;y t&iacute;nh, t&igrave;nh b&aacute;o, gi&aacute;m s&aacute;t v&agrave; do th&aacute;m); b&#7843o tr&igrave; v&agrave; h&#7853u c&#7847n; h&#7885c thuy&#7871t h&#7843i qu&acirc;n; ch&#7845t l&#432&#7907ng nh&acirc;n s&#7921 gi&aacute;o d&#7909c v&agrave; hu&#7845n luy&#7879n.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">2) C&#7843i thi&#7879n h&igrave;nh &#7843nh qu&#7889c t&#7871</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; b&#7883 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch r&#7897ng r&atilde;i v&igrave; thi&#7871u b&#7857ng ch&#7913ng ph&aacute;p l&yacute; cho t&#7845m b&#7843n &#273&#7891 &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&iacute;n &#273o&#7841n (c&ograve;n g&#7885i l&agrave; &#273&#432&#7901ng &ldquo;l&#432&#7905i b&ograve;&rdquo; hay &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&#7919 U &ndash; PV) tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ph&#7847n l&#7899n di&#7879n t&iacute;ch Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trong qu&aacute; kh&#7913, s&#7921 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch qu&#7889c t&#7871 nh&#432 v&#7853y h&#7859n s&#7869 c&oacute; &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng h&#7841n ch&#7871 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh, nh&#432 &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n qua vi&#7879c h&#7885 t&#7915ng ph&#7843n &#7913ng kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#7911 m&#7841nh sau khi B&#7855c Kinh ti&#7871n h&agrave;nh cu&#7897c &#273&agrave;n &aacute;p g&acirc;y ch&#7871t ng&#432&#7901i nh&#7857m v&agrave;o c&aacute;c cu&#7897c bi&#7875u t&igrave;nh &#7903 Qu&#7843ng tr&#432&#7901ng Thi&ecirc;n An M&ocirc;n n&#259m 1989.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, Trung Qu&#7889c gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y &#273ang ph&#7843i lo l&#7855ng h&#417n nhi&#7873u v&#7873 h&igrave;nh &#7843nh to&agrave;n c&#7847u c&#7911a h&#7885. &#272i&#7873u &#273&oacute; &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c ki&#7875m ch&#7913ng b&#7903i nh&#7919ng n&#7895 l&#7921c c&#7911a c&aacute;c c&#417 quan ch&iacute;nh quy&#7873n Trung Qu&#7889c nh&#7857m ki&#7875m duy&#7879t b&#7845t k&#7923 s&#7921 mi&ecirc;u t&#7843 ti&ecirc;u c&#7921c n&agrave;o v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c n&agrave;y trong th&#7901i gian di&#7877n ra Th&#7871 v&#7853n h&#7897i 2008 &#7903 B&#7855c Kinh. Khi v&#7845p ph&#7843i s&#7921 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch c&#7911a c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng qu&#7889c t&#7871 trong th&#7901i gian g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y v&#7873 nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a m&igrave;nh &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; c&#7889 g&#7855ng t&igrave;m c&aacute;ch c&#7911ng c&#7889 nh&#7919ng tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 c&#7911a h&#7885 th&ocirc;ng qua nh&#7919ng kh&aacute;ng c&aacute;o l&ecirc;n Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c. Chi&#7871n thu&#7853t m&#7899i n&agrave;y, m&#7863c d&ugrave; kh&ocirc;ng k&ecirc;u g&#7885i m&#7897t s&#7921 can thi&#7879p &#273a ph&#432&#417ng v&agrave;o nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p n&agrave;y, nh&#432ng &#273&#432&#7907c coi l&agrave; m&#7897t s&#7921 ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7889i v&#7899i vi&#7879c Philippines &#273&#7879 &#273&#417n ki&#7879n l&ecirc;n T&ograve;a &aacute;n Qu&#7889c t&#7871 v&#7873 Lu&#7853t Bi&#7875n (ITLOS) &#273&#7875 kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i c&aacute;c khu v&#7921c tranh ch&#7845p.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">3) C&#7911ng c&#7889 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ph&aacute;p l&yacute;&nbsp;</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">B&#7897 Ngo&#7841i giao Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y &#273&atilde; &#273&#432a ra m&#7897t b&aacute;o c&aacute;o g&#7917i l&ecirc;n Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c, v&#7899i nhan &#273&#7873 &ldquo;Ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981: S&#7921 khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam v&agrave; L&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c,&rdquo; trong &#273&oacute; ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng b&#7883 cho l&agrave; khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam xung quanh gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y v&agrave; cung c&#7845p m&#7897t ph&aacute;c th&#7843o to&agrave;n di&#7879n v&#7873 nh&#7919ng y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&#7889i v&#7899i qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Sa, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; m&#7897t tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 c&#7911a Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&#432&#7907c ban h&agrave;nh ng&agrave;y 4/9/1958. H&#417n n&#7919a, b&#7843n b&aacute;o c&aacute;o n&agrave;y c&#361ng bao g&#7891m nh&#7919ng trang ph&ocirc;t&ocirc; t&#7915 m&#7897t cu&#7889n s&aacute;ch gi&aacute;o khoa &#273&#7883a l&yacute; d&agrave;nh cho h&#7885c sinh l&#7899p 9 c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&#432&#7907c xu&#7845t b&#7843n c&aacute;ch &#273&acirc;y 40 n&#259m, v&agrave; m&#7897t t&#7845m b&igrave;a c&#7911a m&#7897t t&#7853p b&#7843n &#273&#7891 th&#7871 gi&#7899i (World Atlats).&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">M&#7897t ph&#432&#417ng ph&aacute;p kh&aacute;c m&agrave; Trung Qu&#7889c &#273ang s&#7917 d&#7909ng &#273&#7875 h&#7895 tr&#7907 nh&#7919ng tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 l&agrave; v&#7853n chuy&#7875n c&aacute;t t&#7899i nh&#7919ng b&atilde;i &#273&aacute; ng&#7847m v&agrave; b&atilde;i c&#7841n m&agrave; h&#7885 &#273&atilde; ki&#7875m so&aacute;t &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Ti&#7871n tr&igrave;nh n&agrave;y, &#273&#432&#7907c g&#7885i l&agrave; &ldquo;x&acirc;y d&#7921ng &#273&#7843o,&rdquo; &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7921c hi&#7879n nh&#7857m h&#7895 tr&#7907 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 theo &#273&#7883nh ngh&#297a v&#7873 l&atilde;nh th&#7893 nh&#432 &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c quy &#273&#7883nh trong C&ocirc;ng &#432&#7899c Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c v&#7873 Lu&#7853t bi&#7875n (UNCLOS). Trung Qu&#7889c d&#432&#7901ng nh&#432 l&ecirc;n k&#7871 ho&#7841ch di chuy&#7875n nh&#7919ng c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng d&acirc;n c&#432 t&#7899i nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng l&atilde;nh th&#7893 &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c t&#7841o ra &#273&#7875 sinh s&#7889ng l&acirc;u d&agrave;i, qua &#273&oacute; t&#259ng c&#432&#7901ng s&#7921 kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh v&#7873 m&#7863t ph&aacute;p l&yacute; c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i c&aacute;c th&#7921c th&#7875 v&agrave; c&aacute;c h&ograve;n &#273&#7843o nh&#7845t &#273&#7883nh.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&#272&#7875 d&#7921 &#273o&aacute;n tr&#432&#7899c nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng ti&#7873m t&agrave;ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c sau v&#7909 gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981, c&#7847n ph&#7843i hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c v&agrave; vi&#7879c kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh s&#7921 th&#7889ng tr&#7883 cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng c&#7911a h&#7885 &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. V&#7845n &#273&#7873 kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave; t&#7841i sao Trung Qu&#7889c l&#7841i r&uacute;t gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 (ra kh&#7887i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n Vi&#7879t Nam) m&agrave; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch th&iacute;ch &#7913ng n&agrave;o nhi&#7873u kh&#7843 n&#259ng h&#7885 s&#7869 th&#7921c hi&#7879n trong giai &#273o&#7841n ti&#7871p theo. Cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t leo thang, d&ugrave; c&oacute; hay kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; nh&#7919ng l&#7901i k&ecirc;u g&#7885i ki&#7873m ch&#7871 c&#7911a M&#7929, c&#361ng s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#432&#7907c gi&#7843i quy&#7871t s&#7899m. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, sai l&#7847m l&#7899n nh&#7845t m&agrave; b&#7845t k&#7923 k&#7867 b&agrave;ng quan n&agrave;o c&oacute; th&#7875 ph&#7841m ph&#7843i l&agrave; coi s&#7921 ki&#7879n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; chuy&#7879n ch&#7881 x&#7843y ra m&#7897t l&#7847n. Thay v&agrave;o &#273&oacute;, n&oacute; l&agrave; m&#7897t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c t&iacute;nh to&aacute;n c&#7849n th&#7853n v&agrave; l&agrave; m&#7897t ph&#7847n c&#7911a m&#7897t chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c l&#7899n h&#417n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Th&#7841c s&#297 Ho&agrave;ng Vi&#7879t </strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>(Gi&#7843ng vi&ecirc;n &#272&#7841i h&#7885c Lu&#7853t TP. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh)</strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </html>

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