Những toan tính của Trung Quốc ở Biển Đông là gì ?

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title></title> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Sau m&#7897t lo&#7841t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng hung h&#259ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c trong c&aacute;c tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t l&agrave; v&#7909 B&#7855c Kinh h&#7841 &#273&#7863t tr&aacute;i ph&eacute;p gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 trong V&ugrave;ng &#272&#7863c quy&#7873n Kinh t&#7871 v&agrave; th&#7873m l&#7909c &#273&#7883a c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam, th&#7871 gi&#7899i &#273ang h&#7871t s&#7913c quan t&acirc;m &#273&#7871n nh&#7919ng toan t&iacute;nh v&agrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng ti&#7871p theo c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y.</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span></span></div> <div><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> <table border="0" width="200" height="300" align="left" cellpadding="8px" cellspacing="8px"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-DUfJ2R_OrOw/VJfg9cyG4vI/AAAAAAAAAS8/JAMUBIb0N_8/w300-h400-no/TS_HoangViet.jpg" width="200" height="300" border="0" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#f5f5f5"> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: justify;"><font face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 13px; line-height: 20px;"><i>Th&#7841c s&#297 Ho&agrave;ng Vi&#7879t</i></span></font></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Th&#7901i b&aacute;o ch&acirc;u &Aacute; Tr&#7921c tuy&#7871n m&#7899i &#273&acirc;y &#273&#259ng b&agrave;i vi&#7871t c&#7911a Billy Tea v&#7873 nh&#7919ng m&#432u &#273&#7891 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trong b&agrave;i vi&#7871t nhan &#273&#7873 &ldquo;&#272&#7841i K&#7871 ho&#7841ch c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng&rdquo;, v&#7883 chuy&ecirc;n gia nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u thu&#7897c Di&#7877n &#273&agrave;n Th&aacute;i B&igrave;nh D&#432&#417ng c&#7911a Trung t&acirc;m Nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u Chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c v&agrave; Qu&#7889c t&#7871 (CSIS), M&#7929, cho r&#7857ng s&#7869 l&agrave; sai l&#7847m khi &#273&aacute;nh gi&aacute; r&#7857ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; &#273i&#7873u ch&#7881 x&#7843y ra m&#7897t l&#7847n. &#272&acirc;y l&agrave; b&agrave;i vi&#7871t c&oacute; nhi&#7873u th&ocirc;ng tin h&#7919u &iacute;ch, th&#7875 hi&#7879n s&#7921 hi&#7875u bi&#7871t v&agrave; n&#7855m r&otilde; v&#7845n &#273&#7873 c&#7911a Billy Tea, m&#7897t ng&#432&#7901i chuy&ecirc;n nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u c&aacute;c v&#7845n &#273&#7873: ng&#259n ch&#7863n xung &#273&#7897t, x&#7917 l&yacute; xung &#273&#7897t v&agrave; h&#7907p t&aacute;c khu v&#7921c; ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch ngo&#7841i giao c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 ch&acirc;u &Aacute;; c&aacute;c m&#7889i quan h&#7879 an ninh v&agrave; qu&#7889c ph&ograve;ng gi&#7919a ch&acirc;u &Aacute;, ch&acirc;u &Acirc;u v&agrave; M&#7929. D&#432&#7899i &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; n&#7897i dung b&agrave;i vi&#7871t:&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Cho d&ugrave; quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c v&#7873 vi&#7879c r&uacute;t m&#7897t gi&agrave;n khoan th&#259m d&ograve; d&#7847u kh&iacute; ra kh&#7887i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n tranh ch&#7845p n&oacute;ng b&#7887ng v&#7899i n&#432&#7899c l&aacute;ng gi&#7873ng Vi&#7879t Nam c&oacute; ph&#7843i b&#7883 th&uacute;c &#273&#7849y b&#7903i l&yacute; do th&#7901i ti&#7871t x&#7845u, m&#7897t nhi&#7879m v&#7909 &#273&atilde; ho&agrave;n th&agrave;nh, hay s&#7913c &eacute;p ngo&#7841i giao gia t&#259ng t&#7915 ph&iacute;a M&#7929 hay kh&ocirc;ng, th&igrave; &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y c&#361ng l&agrave; giai &#273o&#7841n m&#7899i nh&#7845t trong &#272&#7841i K&#7871 ho&#7841ch c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh nh&#7857m kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i bi&#7875n Nam Trung Hoa (Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng).&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">M&#7863c d&ugrave; Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng M&#7929 John Kerry &#273&atilde; k&ecirc;u g&#7885i &ldquo;m&#7897t s&#7921 &#273&oacute;ng b&#259ng t&#7921 nguy&#7879n&rdquo; &#273&#7889i v&#7899i t&#7845t c&#7843 nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&oacute; th&#7875 l&agrave;m leo thang c&aacute;c tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y t&#7841i Di&#7877n &#273&agrave;n khu v&#7921c ASEAN (ARF) m&#7899i &#273&acirc;y, nh&#432ng B&#7855c Kinh &#273&atilde; b&aacute;c b&#7887 &yacute; t&#432&#7903ng &#273&oacute;, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 r&#7857ng h&#7885 s&#7869 v&#7851n duy tr&igrave; quy&#7873n c&#7911a m&igrave;nh v&#7873 vi&#7879c x&acirc;y d&#7921ng nh&#7919ng c&#7845u tr&uacute;c &#7903 nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c m&agrave; h&#7885 tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n. B&#7843n &#273&#7891 &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&iacute;n &#273o&#7841n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch h&#417n 90% tr&ecirc;n t&#7893ng s&#7889 3,5 tri&#7879u km2 di&#7879n t&iacute;ch Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">C&oacute; m&#7897t l&yacute; do &#273&#7883a ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 c&#417 b&#7843n &ldquo;&#259n s&acirc;u b&aacute;m r&#7877&rdquo; trong nh&#7919ng ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch ngo&#7841i giao th&#7921c t&#7871 cho s&#7921 quy&#7871t li&#7879t ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng gia t&#259ng c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#7903 v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y. &#272&#7875 hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c hi&#7879n t&#7841i v&agrave; &#273&aacute;nh gi&aacute; t&#432&#417ng lai, c&#7847n xem x&eacute;t v&#432&#7907t ra ngo&agrave;i nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n hi&#7879n nay, coi &#273&oacute; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng v&#7909 vi&#7879c ri&ecirc;ng, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i h&atilde;y ch&#7901 xem tham v&#7885ng l&acirc;u d&agrave;i c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n c&oacute; gi&aacute; tr&#7883 chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c cao v&agrave; gi&agrave;u d&#7847u m&#7887 n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; m&#7897t lo&#7841t qu&#7889c gia &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute; t&#7915 l&acirc;u &#273&atilde; tranh ch&#7845p v&agrave; th&#7881nh tho&#7843ng xung &#273&#7897t v&#7899i nhau xung quanh nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c kh&aacute;c nhau &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, ch&#7881 &#273&#7871n khi Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng M&#7929 Hillary Clinton tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 t&#7841i m&#7897t cu&#7897c h&#7885p c&#7911a ARF h&#7891i th&aacute;ng 7/2010 &#7903 H&agrave; N&#7897i, r&#7857ng M&#7929 c&oacute; &ldquo;l&#7907i &iacute;ch qu&#7889c gia&rdquo; &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, th&igrave; t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh m&#7899i b&#7855t &#273&#7847u lao d&#7889c theo &#273&#432&#7901ng xo&aacute;y tr&ocirc;n &#7889c.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">L&#7901i tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&iacute;nh th&#7913c c&#7911a b&agrave; Hillary Clinton &#273&atilde; b&#7883 B&#7855c Kinh coi l&agrave; m&#7897t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch v&agrave; th&uacute;c &#273&#7849y vi&#7879c qu&#7889c t&#7871 h&oacute;a t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trung Qu&#7889c, qu&#7889c gia &#273&atilde; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 r&#7857ng v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n n&agrave;y l&agrave; m&#7897t &ldquo;l&#7907i &iacute;ch c&#7889t l&otilde;i&rdquo; c&#7911a h&#7885, mong mu&#7889n gi&#7843i quy&#7871t nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p &#7903 &#273&oacute; b&#7857ng h&igrave;nh th&#7913c song ph&#432&#417ng v&#7899i t&#7915ng b&ecirc;n c&oacute; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n, &#273&#7891ng th&#7901i ph&#7843n &#273&#7889i vi&#7879c gi&#7843i quy&#7871t theo h&igrave;nh th&#7913c &#273a ph&#432&#417ng c&#361ng nh&#432 c&aacute;c gi&#7843i ph&aacute;p d&#7921a tr&ecirc;n lu&#7853t ph&aacute;p qu&#7889c t&#7871. S&#7921 b&aacute;c b&#7887 ngay l&#7853p t&#7913c c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i &#273&#7873 xu&#7845t &ldquo;&#273&oacute;ng b&#259ng t&#7921 nguy&#7879n&rdquo; c&#7911a Ngo&#7841i tr&#432&#7903ng John Kerry l&agrave; d&#7845u hi&#7879u cho th&#7845y l&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng c&#7913ng r&#7855n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c trong v&#7845n &#273&#7873 n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">K&#7875 t&#7915 b&agrave;i ph&aacute;t bi&#7875u c&#7911a b&agrave; Hillary Clinton, Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng &#273&atilde; x&#7843y ra m&#7897t lo&#7841t tranh c&atilde;i leo thang theo ki&#7875u h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng d&#7851n &#273&#7871n ph&#7843n &#7913ng xung quanh nh&#7919ng th&#7921c th&#7875 ri&ecirc;ng gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; c&aacute;c qu&#7889c gia &#272&ocirc;ng Nam &Aacute;, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; Philippines v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam. V&#7909 &#273&#7889i &#273&#7847u n&#259m 2012 gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&#7899i Philippines xung quanh b&atilde;i c&#7841n Scarborough tranh ch&#7845p (Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7885i l&agrave; &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Nham, Philippines g&#7885i l&agrave; Panatag) &#273&atilde; &#273&aacute;nh d&#7845u s&#7921 kh&#7903i &#273&#7847u trong c&aacute;ch ti&#7871p c&#7853n mang t&iacute;nh khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch h&#417n c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nh&#7919ng cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t trong n&#259m nay gi&#7919a c&aacute;c t&agrave;u c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam &#7903 g&#7847n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c, &#273&#432&#7907c h&#7841 &#273&#7863t h&#7891i th&aacute;ng 5 &#7903 g&#7847n qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Paracel (qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Sa c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam, Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7885i l&agrave; T&acirc;y Sa, b&#7883 Trung Qu&#7889c chi&#7871m n&#259m 1974), &#273&atilde; c&oacute; nguy c&#417 leo thang th&agrave;nh m&#7897t cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t l&#7899n. &#272&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c nhi&#7873u kh&#7843 n&#259ng l&agrave; ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7889i v&#7899i vi&#7879c Vi&#7879t Nam g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y m&#7901i th&#7847u c&aacute;c doanh nghi&#7879p n&#259ng l&#432&#7907ng n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i tham gia ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng th&#259m d&ograve;. Th&aacute;ng 11 n&#259m ngo&aacute;i, T&#7853p &#273o&agrave;n D&#7847u m&#7887 v&agrave; Kh&iacute; &#273&#7889t T&#7921 nhi&ecirc;n (ONGC) c&#7911a &#7844n &#272&#7897 &#273&atilde; k&yacute; m&#7897t th&#7887a thu&#7853n v&#7899i PetroVietnam, m&#7897t doanh nghi&#7879p thu&#7897c s&#7903 h&#7919u Nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam, v&#7873 vi&#7879c h&#7907p t&aacute;c trong l&#297nh v&#7921c d&#7847u m&#7887.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&#272&#7871n th&aacute;ng 5/2014, Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&atilde; &#273&#7873 ngh&#7883 trao cho &#7844n &#272&#7897 7 l&ocirc; d&#7847u kh&iacute; &#273&#7875 th&#259m d&ograve; ngo&agrave;i kh&#417i &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i &#273&#7845u th&#7847u c&#7841nh tranh. Khi &#7844n &#272&#7897 c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 c&aacute;c k&#7871 ho&#7841ch t&#7915 b&#7887 l&ocirc; d&#7847u kh&iacute; 128 v&agrave;o n&#259m 2012, H&agrave; N&#7897i &#273&atilde; y&ecirc;u c&#7847u New Delhi gi&#7919 nguy&ecirc;n cho &#273&#7871n n&#259m 2014, qua &#273&oacute; th&#7875 hi&#7879n mong mu&#7889n c&#7911a H&agrave; N&#7897i v&#7873 vi&#7879c duy tr&igrave; s&#7921 hi&#7879n di&#7879n c&#7911a &#7844n &#272&#7897 l&agrave;m &#273&#7889i tr&#7885ng trong khu v&#7921c. H&agrave; N&#7897i c&#361ng &#273&atilde; m&#7903 &#273&#432&#7901ng cho c&aacute;c m&#7889i quan h&#7879 chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c m&#7841nh m&#7869 h&#417n v&#7899i M&#7929 &#273&#7875 ch&#7889ng l&#7841i s&#7921 quy&#7871t li&#7879t ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng gia t&#259ng c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Ch&#7855c ch&#7855n l&agrave; c&aacute;c cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng &#273ang b&#7883 chi ph&#7889i m&#7897t ph&#7847n b&#7903i tr&#7919 l&#432&#7907ng l&#7899n ti&#7873m n&#259ng d&#7847u m&#7887 v&agrave; kh&iacute; &#273&#7889t &#7903 khu v&#7921c n&agrave;y. Gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; m&#7897t ph&#7847n c&#7911a c&aacute;i g&#7885i l&agrave; Ch&#432&#417ng tr&igrave;nh 863 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c, m&#7897t s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n &#273&#432&#7907c c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 v&agrave;o th&aacute;ng 3/1986 nh&#7857m thu h&#7865p kho&#7843ng c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; c&aacute;c n&#7873n kinh t&#7871 ti&ecirc;n ti&#7871n nh&#7845t c&#7911a th&#7871 gi&#7899i. C&aacute;c c&#417 quan ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 Trung Qu&#7889c, bao g&#7891m c&#7843 B&#7897 Khoa h&#7885c C&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 v&agrave; &#7910y ban Ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n v&agrave; C&#7843i c&aacute;ch Qu&#7889c gia &#273&atilde; &#7911ng h&#7897 m&#7841nh m&#7869 vi&#7879c ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; gi&uacute;p Trung Qu&#7889c c&oacute; &#273&#432&#7907c kh&#7843 n&#259ng &#273&#7897c l&#7853p trong vi&#7879c khoan d&#7847u v&agrave; kh&iacute; t&#7921 nhi&ecirc;n &#7903 nh&#7919ng khu v&#7921c tranh ch&#7845p tr&ecirc;n Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng m&agrave; c&aacute;c c&ocirc;ng ty n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i c&oacute; th&#7875 kh&ocirc;ng s&#7861n s&agrave;ng ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng do nh&#7919ng nguy c&#417 ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883. Sau &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i di chuy&#7875n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 v&agrave;o th&aacute;ng 5/2014, th&aacute;ng 6 v&#7915a qua Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; tri&#7875n khai th&ecirc;m 4 gi&agrave;n khoan d&#7847u (Nam H&#7843i 2, Nam H&#7843i 4, Nam H&#7843i 5 v&agrave; Nam H&#7843i 9) &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng v&#7899i nh&#7919ng nhi&#7879m v&#7909 th&#259m d&ograve; t&#432&#417ng t&#7921 d&#7921 ki&#7871n ho&agrave;n th&agrave;nh v&agrave;o cu&#7889i n&#259m nay. Nh&#7919ng &#273&#7897ng th&aacute;i n&agrave;y &#273&atilde; l&agrave;m d&#7845y l&ecirc;n nhi&#7873u tranh c&atilde;i ngo&#7841i giao v&agrave; kinh t&#7871 h&#417n gi&#7919a Trung Qu&#7889c v&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">V&#7853y th&igrave; toan t&iacute;nh c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng l&agrave; g&igrave;? Ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch &#273&#7889i ngo&#7841i chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c &ldquo;gi&#7845u m&igrave;nh ch&#7901 th&#7901i&rdquo; &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7921c hi&#7879n t&#7915 tr&#432&#7899c &#273&#7871n nay &#273ang thay &#273&#7893i sang m&#7897t th&aacute;i &#273&#7897 ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng quy&#7871t li&#7879t h&#417n.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c kh&ocirc;ng c&ograve;n &ldquo;gi&#7845u m&igrave;nh ch&#7901 th&#7901i&rdquo; v&#7873 c&aacute;c kh&#7843 n&#259ng c&#7911a h&#7885 v&agrave; &#273ang ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng s&#7861n s&agrave;ng s&#7917 d&#7909ng s&#7913c m&#7841nh qu&acirc;n s&#7921 v&agrave; c&ocirc;ng ngh&#7879 c&#7911a h&#7885, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; vi&#7879c tri&#7875n khai m&#7897t l&#7921c l&#432&#7907ng h&#7843i c&#7843nh &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c c&#7843i thi&#7879n nhi&#7873u &#273&#7875 b&#7843o v&#7879 gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 kh&#7887i s&#7921 qu&#7845y nhi&#7877u c&#7911a c&aacute;c t&agrave;u Vi&#7879t Nam.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y th&igrave; Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n s&#7921 s&#7861n s&agrave;ng c&#7911a h&#7885 trong vi&#7879c &#273&#7889i &#273&#7847u v&#7899i c&aacute;c b&ecirc;n c&oacute; tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n &#273&#7889i &#273&#7883ch &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Ch&#7855c ch&#7855n l&agrave; gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y h&#7885 &ldquo;kh&ocirc;ng xu&#7845t &#273&#7847u l&#7897 di&#7879n&rdquo; tr&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam v&agrave; ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7847y &#273&#7911 c&#7911a c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng qu&#7889c t&#7871 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i v&#7909 vi&#7879c gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981. &#272&#7857ng sau s&#7921 t&#432&#417ng t&aacute;c c&#7911a chu&#7895i &ldquo;h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng-ph&#7843n &#7913ng&rdquo; xung quanh nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n tranh ch&#7845p, Trung Qu&#7889c ti&#7871p t&#7909c h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng nhanh ch&oacute;ng theo k&#7871 ho&#7841ch l&acirc;u d&agrave;i v&agrave; nhi&#7873u giai &#273o&#7841n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7875 cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh s&#7921 th&#7889ng tr&#7883 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i khu v&#7921c Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. K&#7871 ho&#7841ch n&agrave;y bao g&#7891m 3 b&#7897 ph&#7853n h&#7907p th&agrave;nh r&otilde; r&agrave;ng, c&#7909 th&#7875 l&agrave;:&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">1) T&#259ng c&#432&#7901ng c&aacute;c n&#259ng l&#7921c qu&acirc;n s&#7921, &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t l&agrave; h&#7843i qu&acirc;n v&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng qu&acirc;n:&nbsp;</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">H&#7891i th&aacute;ng 3 v&#7915a qua, Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; c&ocirc;ng b&#7889 ng&acirc;n s&aacute;ch qu&#7889c gia giai &#273o&#7841n 2014-2015 c&#7911a h&#7885, v&#7899i 132 t&#7927 USD &#273&#432&#7907c ph&acirc;n b&#7893 cho chi ti&ecirc;u qu&acirc;n s&#7921, t&#259ng kho&#7843ng 12% so v&#7899i n&#259m tr&#432&#7899c &#273&oacute;. S&#7921 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n qu&acirc;n s&#7921 c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c c&oacute; nhi&#7873u m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch, v&agrave; s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7881 nh&#7857m kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh hay b&#7843o v&#7879 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n l&atilde;nh th&#7893 c&#7911a h&#7885 &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng v&agrave; bi&#7875n Hoa &#272&ocirc;ng, m&agrave; c&ograve;n &#273&#432&#7907c s&#7917 d&#7909ng l&agrave;m m&#7897t s&#7921 r&#259n &#273e &#273&#7889i v&#7899i &#272&agrave;i Loan v&agrave; &#273u&#7893i M&#7929 ra kh&#7887i khu v&#7921c T&acirc;y Th&aacute;i B&igrave;nh D&#432&#417ng.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Theo Ronald O'Rourke, m&#7897t chuy&ecirc;n gia thu&#7897c Vi&#7879n Nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u C&aacute;c V&#7845n &#273&#7873 H&#7843i qu&acirc;n &#7903 M&#7929, nh&#7919ng n&#7895 l&#7921c hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i h&oacute;a h&#7843i qu&acirc;n c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c bao g&#7891m: t&ecirc;n l&#7917a &#273&#7841n &#273&#7841o ch&#7889ng h&#7841m (ASBM); t&ecirc;n l&#7917a h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh ch&#7889ng h&#7841m (ASCM); c&aacute;c t&agrave;u ng&#7847m; t&agrave;u m&#7863t n&#432&#7899c; m&aacute;y bay, v&agrave; s&#7921 h&#7895 tr&#7907 c&#7911a h&#7879 th&#7889ng C4ISR (ch&#7881 huy, ki&#7875m so&aacute;t, th&ocirc;ng tin li&ecirc;n l&#7841c, m&aacute;y t&iacute;nh, t&igrave;nh b&aacute;o, gi&aacute;m s&aacute;t v&agrave; do th&aacute;m); b&#7843o tr&igrave; v&agrave; h&#7853u c&#7847n; h&#7885c thuy&#7871t h&#7843i qu&acirc;n; ch&#7845t l&#432&#7907ng nh&acirc;n s&#7921 gi&aacute;o d&#7909c v&agrave; hu&#7845n luy&#7879n.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">2) C&#7843i thi&#7879n h&igrave;nh &#7843nh qu&#7889c t&#7871</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; b&#7883 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch r&#7897ng r&atilde;i v&igrave; thi&#7871u b&#7857ng ch&#7913ng ph&aacute;p l&yacute; cho t&#7845m b&#7843n &#273&#7891 &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&iacute;n &#273o&#7841n (c&ograve;n g&#7885i l&agrave; &#273&#432&#7901ng &ldquo;l&#432&#7905i b&ograve;&rdquo; hay &#273&#432&#7901ng ch&#7919 U &ndash; PV) tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ph&#7847n l&#7899n di&#7879n t&iacute;ch Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Trong qu&aacute; kh&#7913, s&#7921 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch qu&#7889c t&#7871 nh&#432 v&#7853y h&#7859n s&#7869 c&oacute; &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng h&#7841n ch&#7871 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch c&#7911a B&#7855c Kinh, nh&#432 &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n qua vi&#7879c h&#7885 t&#7915ng ph&#7843n &#7913ng kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#7911 m&#7841nh sau khi B&#7855c Kinh ti&#7871n h&agrave;nh cu&#7897c &#273&agrave;n &aacute;p g&acirc;y ch&#7871t ng&#432&#7901i nh&#7857m v&agrave;o c&aacute;c cu&#7897c bi&#7875u t&igrave;nh &#7903 Qu&#7843ng tr&#432&#7901ng Thi&ecirc;n An M&ocirc;n n&#259m 1989.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, Trung Qu&#7889c gi&#7901 &#273&acirc;y &#273ang ph&#7843i lo l&#7855ng h&#417n nhi&#7873u v&#7873 h&igrave;nh &#7843nh to&agrave;n c&#7847u c&#7911a h&#7885. &#272i&#7873u &#273&oacute; &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c ki&#7875m ch&#7913ng b&#7903i nh&#7919ng n&#7895 l&#7921c c&#7911a c&aacute;c c&#417 quan ch&iacute;nh quy&#7873n Trung Qu&#7889c nh&#7857m ki&#7875m duy&#7879t b&#7845t k&#7923 s&#7921 mi&ecirc;u t&#7843 ti&ecirc;u c&#7921c n&agrave;o v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c n&agrave;y trong th&#7901i gian di&#7877n ra Th&#7871 v&#7853n h&#7897i 2008 &#7903 B&#7855c Kinh. Khi v&#7845p ph&#7843i s&#7921 ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch c&#7911a c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng qu&#7889c t&#7871 trong th&#7901i gian g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y v&#7873 nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a m&igrave;nh &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng, Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; c&#7889 g&#7855ng t&igrave;m c&aacute;ch c&#7911ng c&#7889 nh&#7919ng tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 c&#7911a h&#7885 th&ocirc;ng qua nh&#7919ng kh&aacute;ng c&aacute;o l&ecirc;n Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c. Chi&#7871n thu&#7853t m&#7899i n&agrave;y, m&#7863c d&ugrave; kh&ocirc;ng k&ecirc;u g&#7885i m&#7897t s&#7921 can thi&#7879p &#273a ph&#432&#417ng v&agrave;o nh&#7919ng tranh ch&#7845p n&agrave;y, nh&#432ng &#273&#432&#7907c coi l&agrave; m&#7897t s&#7921 ph&#7843n &#7913ng &#273&#7889i v&#7899i vi&#7879c Philippines &#273&#7879 &#273&#417n ki&#7879n l&ecirc;n T&ograve;a &aacute;n Qu&#7889c t&#7871 v&#7873 Lu&#7853t Bi&#7875n (ITLOS) &#273&#7875 kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i c&aacute;c khu v&#7921c tranh ch&#7845p.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">3) C&#7911ng c&#7889 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ph&aacute;p l&yacute;&nbsp;</span></span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">B&#7897 Ngo&#7841i giao Trung Qu&#7889c g&#7847n &#273&acirc;y &#273&atilde; &#273&#432a ra m&#7897t b&aacute;o c&aacute;o g&#7917i l&ecirc;n Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c, v&#7899i nhan &#273&#7873 &ldquo;Ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981: S&#7921 khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam v&agrave; L&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c,&rdquo; trong &#273&oacute; ch&#7881 tr&iacute;ch nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng b&#7883 cho l&agrave; khi&ecirc;u kh&iacute;ch c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam xung quanh gi&agrave;n khoan n&agrave;y v&agrave; cung c&#7845p m&#7897t ph&aacute;c th&#7843o to&agrave;n di&#7879n v&#7873 nh&#7919ng y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&#7889i v&#7899i qu&#7847n &#273&#7843o Ho&agrave;ng Sa, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; m&#7897t tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 c&#7911a Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&#432&#7907c ban h&agrave;nh ng&agrave;y 4/9/1958. H&#417n n&#7919a, b&#7843n b&aacute;o c&aacute;o n&agrave;y c&#361ng bao g&#7891m nh&#7919ng trang ph&ocirc;t&ocirc; t&#7915 m&#7897t cu&#7889n s&aacute;ch gi&aacute;o khoa &#273&#7883a l&yacute; d&agrave;nh cho h&#7885c sinh l&#7899p 9 c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&#432&#7907c xu&#7845t b&#7843n c&aacute;ch &#273&acirc;y 40 n&#259m, v&agrave; m&#7897t t&#7845m b&igrave;a c&#7911a m&#7897t t&#7853p b&#7843n &#273&#7891 th&#7871 gi&#7899i (World Atlats).&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">M&#7897t ph&#432&#417ng ph&aacute;p kh&aacute;c m&agrave; Trung Qu&#7889c &#273ang s&#7917 d&#7909ng &#273&#7875 h&#7895 tr&#7907 nh&#7919ng tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 l&agrave; v&#7853n chuy&#7875n c&aacute;t t&#7899i nh&#7919ng b&atilde;i &#273&aacute; ng&#7847m v&agrave; b&atilde;i c&#7841n m&agrave; h&#7885 &#273&atilde; ki&#7875m so&aacute;t &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. Ti&#7871n tr&igrave;nh n&agrave;y, &#273&#432&#7907c g&#7885i l&agrave; &ldquo;x&acirc;y d&#7921ng &#273&#7843o,&rdquo; &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7921c hi&#7879n nh&#7857m h&#7895 tr&#7907 c&aacute;c tuy&ecirc;n b&#7889 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n c&#7911a h&#7885 theo &#273&#7883nh ngh&#297a v&#7873 l&atilde;nh th&#7893 nh&#432 &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c quy &#273&#7883nh trong C&ocirc;ng &#432&#7899c Li&ecirc;n h&#7907p qu&#7889c v&#7873 Lu&#7853t bi&#7875n (UNCLOS). Trung Qu&#7889c d&#432&#7901ng nh&#432 l&ecirc;n k&#7871 ho&#7841ch di chuy&#7875n nh&#7919ng c&#7897ng &#273&#7891ng d&acirc;n c&#432 t&#7899i nh&#7919ng v&ugrave;ng l&atilde;nh th&#7893 &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c t&#7841o ra &#273&#7875 sinh s&#7889ng l&acirc;u d&agrave;i, qua &#273&oacute; t&#259ng c&#432&#7901ng s&#7921 kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh v&#7873 m&#7863t ph&aacute;p l&yacute; c&#7911a h&#7885 &#273&#7889i v&#7899i c&aacute;c th&#7921c th&#7875 v&agrave; c&aacute;c h&ograve;n &#273&#7843o nh&#7845t &#273&#7883nh.&nbsp;</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&#272&#7875 d&#7921 &#273o&aacute;n tr&#432&#7899c nh&#7919ng h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng ti&#7873m t&agrave;ng c&#7911a Trung Qu&#7889c sau v&#7909 gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981, c&#7847n ph&#7843i hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c v&agrave; vi&#7879c kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh s&#7921 th&#7889ng tr&#7883 cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng c&#7911a h&#7885 &#7903 Bi&#7875n &#272&ocirc;ng. V&#7845n &#273&#7873 kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave; t&#7841i sao Trung Qu&#7889c l&#7841i r&uacute;t gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 (ra kh&#7887i v&ugrave;ng bi&#7875n Vi&#7879t Nam) m&agrave; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch th&iacute;ch &#7913ng n&agrave;o nhi&#7873u kh&#7843 n&#259ng h&#7885 s&#7869 th&#7921c hi&#7879n trong giai &#273o&#7841n ti&#7871p theo. Cu&#7897c xung &#273&#7897t leo thang, d&ugrave; c&oacute; hay kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; nh&#7919ng l&#7901i k&ecirc;u g&#7885i ki&#7873m ch&#7871 c&#7911a M&#7929, c&#361ng s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#432&#7907c gi&#7843i quy&#7871t s&#7899m. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, sai l&#7847m l&#7899n nh&#7845t m&agrave; b&#7845t k&#7923 k&#7867 b&agrave;ng quan n&agrave;o c&oacute; th&#7875 ph&#7841m ph&#7843i l&agrave; coi s&#7921 ki&#7879n gi&agrave;n khoan H&#7843i D&#432&#417ng-981 l&agrave; chuy&#7879n ch&#7881 x&#7843y ra m&#7897t l&#7847n. Thay v&agrave;o &#273&oacute;, n&oacute; l&agrave; m&#7897t h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c t&iacute;nh to&aacute;n c&#7849n th&#7853n v&agrave; l&agrave; m&#7897t ph&#7847n c&#7911a m&#7897t chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c l&#7899n h&#417n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Th&#7841c s&#297 Ho&agrave;ng Vi&#7879t </strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>(Gi&#7843ng vi&ecirc;n &#272&#7841i h&#7885c Lu&#7853t TP. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh)</strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </meta> </div> </html>

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Ngày 20.01 vừa, qua tại Lễ phát động đợt thi đua trong tuổi trẻ cả nước với chủ đề “Tuổi trẻ Việt Nam nhớ lời Di chúc theo chân Bác” nhân kỷ niệm 50 năm thực hiện Di chúc của Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh (1969 - 2019), gắn với phát động “Năm Thanh niên tình nguyện” 2019, đồng chí Lê Quốc Phong - Ủy viên dự khuyết Trung ương Đảng, Đại biểu Quốc hội, Bí thư thứ nhất Trung ương Đoàn TNCS Hồ Chí Minh, Chủ tịch Hội Liên hiệp Thanh niên Việt Nam đã có bài phát biểu quan trọng,

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Ngày 20.01, Thành đoàn TP. Hồ Chí Minh đã tổ chức Chương trình thăm và tặng quà cho gia đình chính sách có công với Đoàn TNCS Hồ Chí Minh TP. Hồ Chí Minh trong thời kỳ kháng chiến chống Mĩ tại xã Phú An và xã An Tây của huyện Bến Cát (Tỉnh Bình Dương).

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